According to the March of Dimes, the C-section rate in the U.S. is at 32.1%. According to iData research, there were over 1 million hernia repair surgeries performed in the U.S.A. in 2020. In 2019, it was reported that there were a reported 140,000 yearly Tummy Tuck, A.K.A. abdominoplasty surgeries performed yearly according to Summit health.
Many of these patients later developed or had worsening problems with their neck, shoulders, lower back, knees, and hips. Is there a connection?
The growing problem of active scars.
What is an active scar?
Karel Lewit M.D and
A growing body of research shows the relationship between the active scars from a previous abdominal surgery and chronic myofascial pain weeks, months, or years later.
Ironically, more surgeries to remove the scars results in more scarring so non-invasive methods are proving to be the best way to treat these procedure-induced problems.
Ironically, most doctors are aware of the research that is presented in the bi-yearly fascial congress presented by the fascial research society.
The medical profession is aware of the problem, so why don’t they tell their patients?
If you had any abdominal surgery, there will be scars on the outside we can see, however, the ones inside are likely to affect us in ways we couldn’t ever imagine. My white paper on active scar screening procedures was presented to local obstetricians. The idea was that this simple screen which took less than a minute to perform could potentially prevent a lifetime of chronic pain from a healing abdominal scar. Some didn’t want to be bothered, others told me to explain and train their staff while others listened to what I had said and sadly did nothing. It has been my clinical experience that if the active scar is diagnosed while it is forming, referring to the right therapist can resolve it in a few visits avoiding chronic pain in the future from an active scar that permanently affects how the person moves and functions.
There is growing evidence that active scars are far more common than doctors realize and their lack of training in how to evaluate and treat musculoskeletal problems is likely part of the problem. I did reformat my original paper to publish with a friend who was an OB. Unfortunately, we never helped me reach my goal of having this published in an obstetrical journal for wide distribution within the obstetric community.
As a healthcare consumer, you can be proactive by having a healing scar checked for active adhesion by the 6th week. If these scars are treated early on, they are unlikely to create problems weeks or years later and they may be resolved in as little as a couple of visits using myofascial release to tolerance.
Waiting weeks or months, after the scar sets are likely to result in problems of the neck and back, and other joints as it alters how you walk, move, and function. I have treated patients in their 70s who had chronic neck pain from an old c-section or hernia scar nobody ever told them could cause the problem. Many of these patients had suffered needlessly for years.
Different surgeries have different types of active scars. Infections while healing makes these problems even worse. For example, c-sections and hysterectomies often have a small bikini cut but the scar and healing can attach themselves to organs and muscles underneath. Hernia repairs use a mesh that prevents further problems by adhering to a scar in the abdominal wall designed to secure the mesh, although I have treated sciatic cases caused by adhesions underneath the scar.
Tummy tucks are a common source of chronic pain as the procedure unnaturally sutured the abdominal muscles to tighten the abdominal area. You may look good but your shoulders, neck, and back being painful is a common presentation. While they may improve outward appearances, they can also cause chronic myofascial pain as an unintended consequence of unnaturally pulling the abdominal muscles downward and then suturing them in that position. It is also not unusual to find that an active scar from a previous c-section is underneath the secondary active scar caused by the tummy tuck.
In our office, we have diagnosed and treated hundreds of these scars. Why chiropractic? Chiropractic physicians are holistic and will look at you, how you move and function, and look for signs that the scar is affecting movement.
Our healthcare system is non-holistic in nature and doctors are often taught to make the patient fit their model vs. the doctor understanding how the symptoms align with a functional problem. Active scars are a functional problem requiring a functional solution.
Chiropractors through the use of methods such as myofascial release, exercises, and manipulation to restore movement are a natural first choice for the proper diagnosis of an active scar.
Problems that began or worsened after surgery weeks or months away a common presentations. These symptoms may include neck pain, headaches, shoulder pain, mid-back pain, difficulty standing up, and knee pain or plantar fasciitis.
A generalist holistic approach is appropriate to diagnose and treat the scar and the secondary problems causing neck and many other problems in the back.
1. Clinical importance of active scars: abnormal scars as a cause of myofascial pain Karel Lewit 1, Sarka Olsanska
PMID: 15319762 DOI: 10.1016/j.jmpt.2004.05.004.
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